认识论

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翻译样例: 自身因素
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4.2.1 自身因素

自身因素从哲学认识论的角度来讲主要包括主体的肉体状况和精神状况,正如恩格斯所言:“事实上,世界体系的每个思想映象的发生,总是在客观上被历史状况所限制,在主观上被得出该思想映象的人的肉体状况和精神状况所限制。”[1]自身因素在认识过程中的作用十分重要,也是现代认识研究的一个重大课题,尤其是康德的图式说提出了认识过程中主体的心理机制和认知结构问题,将主体自身因素在认识过程中的作用提到了更高的地位。对自身因素进行深入研究,有助于深刻理解认识过程中的生理机制和心理机制以及认识活动的主体性和认识过程的辩证法,因此,自身要素也成了影响高校边缘状况成因的重要因素。为此,本研究从个体生理因素和个体心理因素两个方面对自身因素对高校边缘生的影响进行了调查

4.2.1 Self factors

Self factors mainly include the physical and mental situations of the subject from the point of philosophy and epistemology. Just as Engels said, “In fact, every start of ideological image in the world system is conditioned by historical situations objectively; subjectively speaking, it is also conditioned by physical and mental situations of the subject which is controlled by people’s ideological image.” [1] Self factors play important roles in the process. It is also a big theme in modern cognition research. In particular, Kant’s schemata proposed subject’s psychological mechanism and cognition structure problem in the process, and it put the importance of self factors in the process to a higher position. The study of self factors helps to further understand the physiological mechanisms and psychological mechanisms in the process and subjectivity of the main cognition activities and the dialectics of the process. So, self factors also become important factors to marginal situations of colleges. This study carries out a survey on its influence of self factors on college struggling students from the points of physiological and psychological mechanisms.